Osteoarthritis Treatments

Osteoarthritis Treatment in Burlington, VT

Osteoarthritis treatment options at Fletcher Allen include:

  • Non-Surgical Treatments
  • Osteoarthritis Medications
  • Osteoarthritis Surgery, including:
    • Arthroscopy
    • Joint Replacement
    • Realigning Bones (Osteotomy)
    • Fusing Bones

Non-Surgical Treatments

Some early osteoarthritis treatments can slow progression of the disease, increase your range of motion and increase strength, including:

  • Rest
  • Using heat and cold to manage pain
  • Using assistive devices such as a splint or cane
  • Changing your work or sports activities
  • Weight loss and nutrition counseling
  • Physical therapy

Osteoarthritis Medications

Medicines such as acetaminophen and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen may be used to reduce pain or inflammation. Stronger anti-inflammatory agents called corticosteroids, which are injected directly into the joint, can provide temporary relief of pain and swelling.

Osteoarthritis Surgery

If non-surgical methods do not stop the pain or aren’t effective, your doctor may recommend surgery.  Surgical treatments include:

Arthroscopy

A minimally invasive, commonly performed outpatient procedure. Fiber-optic instruments are used to see inside the joint and make repairs. 

Joint Replacement

Joint replacement removes damaged parts of the joint and replaces them with plastic and metal devices known as prostheses. This could include a partial or total joint replacement.

Realigning Bones (Osteotomy)

Also known as osteotomy, this involves realigning the long bones of the arm or leg to take pressure off the joint. Osteotomy is typically done when joint replacement isn’t an option.

Fusing Bones

With this procedure, surgeons are able to permanently fuse the bones in a joint to increase stability and reduce pain. The fused joint can bear weight without pain, but does not have flexibility.

Learn more about Osteoarthritis diagnosis.

Find a Fletcher Allen Health Care physician or call 802-847-2663.