Heart Valve Disease Treatment

It is important that we have an accurate diagnosis before we start treatment for valvular heart disease. Our doctors work carefully to obtain a precise diagnosis, so we can tailor your treatment plan effectively. We will discuss all of your treatment options with you and answer any questions you may have. 

Heart Valve Disease Treatment in Burlington, VT

There are a number of treatment options for valvular heart disease. Your specific course of treatment depends on the type and severity of the disease. You may need only one type of treatment, or we may decide to combine two or more treatments in order to offer you the best outcome.

Treatment options include the following:

Protective Measures for Heart Valve Disease

Patients with heart valve disease are at higher risk for developing a serious condition called endocarditis. In order to protect your valve from further damage, we recommend that you:

  • Inform your doctors and dentist that you have valve disease. You an even order an identification card from the American Heart Association with this information.
  • Treat infections. Call your doctor if you have symptoms of an infection.
  • Maintain oral hygiene. Avoid infections in the teeth and gums. Make regular appointments with your dentist.
  • Take antibiotics before procedures. If you need to undergo any procedure that may cause bleeding, talk to your doctor about taking antibiotics.

Heart Valve Disease Medication

We may prescribe certain medications to relieve your symptoms and prevent further damage. Medications include:

  • Diuretics to remove extra fluid from your body
  • Antiarrhythmic medications to control abnormal heart rhythms
  • Vasodilators to encourage blood flow forward rather than backward
  • ACE inhibitors, a type of vasodilator that treats high blood pressure and heart failure
  • Beta blockers to reduce the stress on the heart by helping it beat slower
  • Anticoagulants, or blood thinners, to reduce the risk of developing blood clots on your heart valve

Heart Valve Disease Surgery 

Depending on the exact diagnosis, we may recommend heart valve repair or replacement. At Fletcher Allen, our team of experts perform the following types of minimally invasive heart surgery:

Our team will continue to monitor you after surgery to ensure that your valves are functioning properly.

Fletcher Allen, is one of a select group of hospitals participating in a clinical trial to evaluate a revolutionary treatment for common heart disease, severe aortic stenois. Read more about our New Heart Surgery Clinical Trial (TAVI).

Find a Fletcher Allen physician or call us at 802-847-4600.