S.A.N.E. Program

  • Medical Center Campus
  • 111 Colchester Avenue
    Burlington, VT, 05401
  • Phone: 802-847-2434
  • Directions

SANE program in vermontEmergency Care for Sexual Assault Victims

Since 1998, specially trained nurses in Fletcher Allen's Emergency Department have been providing experienced, compassionate care for adults and children who may have been sexually assaulted.

These health care professionals, known as Sexual Assualt Nurse Examiners (or S.A.N.E. nurses), are registered nurses with advanced education in the medical forensic examinaton of sexual assualt victims.

S.A.N.E. nurses are part of a team that includes physicians, law enforecement, forensic scientists, advocates and crime victims service providers. They work closely with other members of this team to offer high-quality, compassionate and coordinated care to adults and children. Fletcher Allen has S.A.N.E. nurses available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.

Pediatric S.A.N.E. nurses at Fletcher Allen are trained to provide specialized care for children. They work closely with physicans at Vermont Children's Hospital and with the pediatric team to evaluate children after physical and sexual assault.

Victims of sexual assault can receive an evaluation in the Emergency Department without cost. Other services, including counseling, may also be covered at no cost.

The S.A.N.E. Program at Fletcher Allen: What We Do

  • Compassionate, confidential care throughout the examination process
  • Timely medical assessment and forensic examination
  • Treatment and counseling for concerns about pregnancy, sexually transmitted infections and HIV
  • Careful collection of evidence
  • Appropriate referral for follow-up care
  • Peer review, education and research
  • Professional and knowledgeable testimony in court
  • Outreach education at area colleges, as well as for advocates and other health care professionals

The Importance of a S.A.N.E Exam

The S.A.N.E. medical forensic examination consists of three parts:

  1. An interview - discussion of patient options for care and evidence collection: gathering of a history of the assault to identify potential injury and possible location of evidence
  2. A physical exam -  medical examination to indentify injury and collect evidence
  3. Follow-up and treatment - discussion of follow-up treatment and resources, including treatment for sexually transmitted infections and counseling

To reach a S.A.N.E. nurse at Fletcher Allen call 802-847-2434.

Sexual Violence Hotlines:



"We are grateful to have the S.A.N.E. team at Fletcher Allen Health Care. It is reassuring to know that these specialiezed nurses are there for victim support after the most traumatic experience they encounter. S.A.N.E. nurses work hard to persever the dignity of the patient while collecting crucial forensic evidence wthat will assist lawa enforecement with the case. They are to be commended for the care thy give both in and out of the exam room." - Kristine Bickford, Executive Director, Children's Advocacy Center at Chittenden Unit for Special Investigations


"Fletcher Allen's S.A.N.E. nurses have continually provided a high standard of trauma-informed, compassionate care to survivors of sexual violence and their loved ones. Throughout the years, we have witnessed firsthand their commitment to meeting the needs of survivors and empowering them to take positive steps towards their physical and emotional healing." - Cathleen H. Wilson, M.A., HOPE Works Executive Director