Esophageal Cancer Treatment

Fletcher Allen’s multidisciplinary team provides a complete evaluation of each patient and develops a personalized treatment plan – in one day – that includes all appropriate resources. Our team approach means that you will have experts in every aspect of your care, working together, to ensure that you get the very best care.

Esophageal Cancer Treatment in Burlington, VT

Esophageal cancer treatment depends on the stage and location of the cancer as well as other factors such as your age, overall health and personal preferences. Your team of doctors will take all of that into account with the treatments they recommend.

Esophageal cancer treatment options at Fletcher Allen include:

  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiation Therapy
  • Surgery
    • Esophagectomy
    • Esophagogastrectomy
  • Endoscopic Placement of Stents
  • Clinical Trials 

Chemotherapy for Esophageal Cancer

Chemotherapy treats cancer by destroying cancer cells using different types of medication.

Radiation Therapy for Esophageal Cancer

Radiation therapy uses high-energy beams, such as X-rays and protons, to destroy cancer cells.

Esophageal Cancer Surgery

Surgery is the most common treatment for esophageal cancer, and it may be used alone or combined with other treatments. Esophageal cancer surgeries include:


The surgeon removes the cancerous part of your esophagus and nearby lymph nodes.  Remaining esophagus is reconnected to your stomach, usually by pulling the stomach up to meet the remaining esophagus. Sometimes, a part of the colon is used to replace the missing section of esophagus. 


In this surgery, your surgeon removes part of your esophagus, nearby lymph nodes and the top part of your stomach. The rest of your stomach is pulled up and reattached to your esophagus. If necessary, part of your colon helps join the two.

Endoscopic Placement of Stents

If esophageal cancer is partly blocking your esophagus, making it hard to eat, your doctor may recommend endoscopic placement of stents. Surgeons use endoscopy to place an expandable metal tube (called stent) inside the esophagus to help keep it open.

Clinical Trials

Fletcher Allen has a history of clinical trial experience. Clinical trials are research studies that test the newest cancer treatments and new ways of using existing cancer treatments. Clinical trials can't guarantee a cure.  

Ask your doctor about enrolling in a clinical trial. Together you can weigh the potential benefits and risks.

Find a Fletcher Allen physician or call 877-540-HOPE (4673).