Fletcher Allen, a Vermont university hospital and medical center, serves all of
Vermont and the northern New York region. Located in Burlington, Fletcher Allen is a regional, academic healthcare center and teaching hospital in alliance with the University of Vermont.
Esophageal Cancer Diagnosis
Persistent irritation of your esophagus may contribute to the genetic changes that cause esophageal cancer. Your physician will want to take a close look at your esophagus to determine if you have esophageal cancer. Fletcher Allen’s knowledgeable doctors use advanced medicine to perform more than 9,000 various diagnostic and therapeutic endoscopic procedures every year.
Diagnosing Esophageal Cancer at Fletcher Allen
Fletcher Allen’s physicians are specially trained in advanced technology to diagnose esophageal cancer.
- Endoscopy uses a flexible, lighted scope (called endoscope) that is inserted through the mouth and gently moved down your throat into the esophagus, sometimes all the way into your stomach. During endoscopy, your doctor may take a tissue or cell sample (called biopsy) to examine it later under a microscope for cancer.
- Barium swallow (also called upper gastrointestinal series) is when you’re given a thick liquid (called barium) to drink that coats your esophagus for a short time so it shows up clearly on a series of X-rays.
After an esophageal cancer diagnosis, your doctor will need to determine the extent (called stage) of the cancer to help guide your treatments. Often more testing is needed, and some of the tests are:
Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) uses an endoscope fitted with an ultrasound probe down the throat into the esophagus and sometimes into the stomach.
- Computed Tomography (CT or CAT) scan
- Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
- Positron Emission Tomography (PET)
Find a Fletcher Allen physician or call 877-540-HOPE (4673).