sodium biphosphate and sodium phosphate (rectal)

Pronunciation: SOE dee up bye FOS fayt and SOE dee um FOS fayt

Brand: Disposable Enema, Fleet Enema

What is the most important information I should know about rectal sodium biphosphate and sodium phosphate?

Multum donot

You should not use this medication if you have severe kidney disease, congestive heart failure, a perforated bowel, paralytic ileus, megacolon, active inflammatory bowel disease, a blockage in your digestive tract (stomach or intestines), rectal obstruction, or other intestinal disorders, or if you are dehydrated.

What is rectal sodium biphosphate and sodium phosphate?

Sodium biphosphate and sodium phosphate are forms of phosphorus, which is a naturally occurring substance that is important in every cell in the body.

Sodium biphosphate and sodium phosphate rectal is a combination medicine used in adults and children to treat constipation and to clean the bowel before colon surgery, x-rays, or endoscopy examinations.

Sodium biphosphate and sodium phosphate may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before using rectal sodium biphosphate and sodium phosphate?

Multum donot

You should not use this medication if you are allergic to it, or if you have:

  • severe kidney disease;
  • congestive heart failure;
  • blockage in your digestive tract (stomach or intestines), rectal obstruction, or other intestinal disorders;
  • paralytic ileus, megacolon, active inflammatory bowel disease;
  • perforated bowel; or
  • if you are dehydrated.

To make sure this medicine is safe for you, tell your doctor if you have:

  • a history of kidney disease;
  • liver problems such as cirrhosis, or ascites (fluid around your liver);
  • heart disease;
  • a colostomy;
  • ongoing stomach pain, nausea, or vomiting;
  • an electrolyte imbalance (such as high or low levels of potassium, sodium, phosphorous, or magnesium in your blood);
  • if you have used any laxative within the past 7 days;
  • if you are on a low-salt diet; or
  • if you are 65 or older.
Multum nopreg

FDA pregnancy category C. It is not known whether this medicine will harm an unborn baby. Do not use this medicine within the advice of a doctor if you are pregnant.

Multum nobrfeed

It is not known whether this medicine passes into breast milk or if it could harm a nursing baby. Do not use this medicine without the advice of a doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby.

Multum nochild

Do not use this medicine in a child younger than 2 years old without the advice of a doctor.

How should I use rectal sodium biphosphate and sodium phosphate?

Use exactly as directed on the label, or as prescribed by your doctor. Do not use in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended.

Multum external

Do not take the rectal enema by mouth. It is for use only in your rectum.

When using this medication in any child, use only the forms that are specially made for children.

Multum donot

Never use an adult-strength enema in a child younger than 12 years old.

This medication comes with patient instructions for safe and effective use. Follow these directions carefully. Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you have any questions.

To use the enema, lie down on your left side with your knees bent. Remove the cap from the applicator tip and gently insert the tip into your rectum. Slowly squeeze the bottle to empty the contents into the rectum.

For best results, stay lying down and hold in the enema until you feel the urge to have a bowel movement. This should occur within 1 to 5 minutes. Do not hold in the enema for longer than 10 minutes.

Multum donot

If you do not get any results within 30 minutes after using this medicine, call your doctor before using another dose. Do not use more than 1 enema in any 24-hour period. Using too much of this medication can be harmful. Do not use for longer than 1 week unless your doctor has told you to.

Multum water

To keep from getting dehydrated, drink plenty of liquids while you are using medication. Follow your doctor's instructions about the type and amount of liquids you should drink for at least 24 hours after using this medicine.

Multum calldoc

Call your doctor if you are sick with vomiting or diarrhea, or if you are sweating more than usual. You may need blood tests to check your electrolyte levels.

Multum rt

Store at room temperature away from moisture and heat. Throw away any leftover medicine after your treatment ends.

What happens if I miss a dose?

Call your doctor for instructions if you miss a dose or do not finish all doses required before your surgery or examination.

Do not use more than 1 enema in any 24-hour period.

What happens if I overdose?

Multum emt

Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222.

What should I avoid while taking rectal sodium biphosphate and sodium phosphate?

Multum donot

Avoid taking any other sodium phosphate product.

What are the possible side effects of rectal sodium biphosphate and sodium phosphate?

Multum emt

Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Multum calldoc

Stop using sodium biphosphate and sodium phosphate and call your doctor at once if you have:

  • rectal bleeding or bright red bowel movements;
  • no bowel movement after use;
  • dizziness, vomiting, little or no urinating; or
  • if you feel very thirsty or hot, are unable to urinate, and have heavy sweating or hot and dry skin.

Common side effects may include:

  • rectal pain or discomfort.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

What other drugs will affect rectal sodium biphosphate and sodium phosphate?

Ask a doctor or pharmacist if it is safe for you to use this medicine if you are also using any of the following drugs:

  • a diuretic or "water pill";
  • NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) --aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin), naproxen (Aleve), celecoxib, diclofenac, indomethacin, meloxicam, and others; or
  • an antibiotic --azithromycin, clarithromycin, erythromycin, moxifloxacin, pentamidine; an antidepressant --citalopram, escitalopram; anti-malaria medication --chloroquine, halofantrine; cancer medicine --arsenic trioxide, vandetanib; heart rhythm medicine --amiodarone, disopyramide, dofetilide, flecainide, ibutilide, procainamide, quinidine, sotalol; medicine to treat a psychiatric disorder --chlorpromazine, haloperidol, lithium, pimozide, ziprasidone, others.

This list is not complete. Other drugs may interact with sodium biphosphate and sodium phosphate, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Not all possible interactions are listed in this medication guide.

Where can I get more information?

Your doctor or pharmacist can provide more information about sodium biphosphate and sodium phosphate.


Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.

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